Sunday, October 10, 2010


Here are the six fundamental truths related with soul, preached by the Tirthankaras (The Enlightened Masters) and explained by Shrimad Rajchandra.

"Those enlightened, who have attained true knowledge of Self, have described the following six fundamentals as the supreme abode of right faith".

1. Soul Exists - First fundamental:
‘There is an existence of the soul’. As there is an existence of physical objects like pot, cloth, etc, so is the existence of soul. As the properties of pot, cloth, etc. are the evidence of their existence, so the obvious property of consciousness to manifest itself as well as others is the evidence of the existence of soul.

2. Soul is Eternal - Second fundamental:
‘The soul is eternal’. A pot or a cloth stays as such for some time; but the soul stays forever. The pot and cloth are composed of some materials, but the soul is a substance on its own because it is not possible to produce a soul. Consciousness cannot arise out of any composition, so it is not a product. Because the soul is not created, it is nonperishable. As what cannot be produced cannot merge into anything else.

3. Soul is the Doer of its Action - Third fundamental:
"The soul is the doer (Kartä)’. All objects are associated with purposeful activity. All of them are seen with some or the other process that causes alterations. The soul also is imbibed with activity. Having the actuation, it is doer. The omniscient Lords have described three types of such actuation. In the absolute state when the soul stays tuned to its pure nature, it is the doer of that nature; in normal practice (which can be experienced; which comes in close contact), it is the doer of material Karma; and nominally, it is the doer of physical objects like buildings, towns, etc.

4. Soul Bears Consequences of its Action - Fourth fundamental:
‘Soul bears consequences’. (Soul is Bhoktä) All activities are fruitful. It is the obvious experience that whatever is done has its consequences. Consumption of poison or sugar and contact with fire or snow do not fail to produce their respective consequences. Similarly, if the soul indulges in defiled or undefiled state, that state too is bound to be fruitful and it produces consequences.

Thus being doer soul is Bhoktä and it bears the consequences as well.

5. Soul Can Be Liberated - Fifth fundamental:
‘There is liberation’. Soul has been described above as being doer of material Karma and being subject to their consequences. Those Karma can, however, be terminated as well; because even if prevailing defilement etc. are very acute, they can be reduced by discontinuance of practice, by avoiding contact and by calming them down. They are reducible and can be destroyed. The state of bondage thus being destructible, the pure state of soul devoid of all bondage is the state of liberation.

6. Means to Achieve Liberation - Sixth fundamental:
‘There are means to achieve liberation’. If bondage of Karma simply continues to occur, its cessation can never be visualized. There are, however, factors like right faith, right knowledge, right conduct, conviction, staying tuned to soul, detachment, devotion etc. that are manifestly opposites of the bondage of Karma. By the intensity of these means, the bondage gets loose, gets pacified and can be destroyed. Therefore, knowledge, faith, restraint etc. are the means for attaining liberation.

These six fundamentals, which are termed by the blessed enlightened as the supreme abode of right faith, have been narrated here in brief. The soul that is closer to liberation would easily find them accurate and entirely convincing. Consideration of these aspects in all perspectives would lead to the rise of discernment within. The supreme entity has pronounced these six fundamentals as beyond all doubts. Discernment arising from these six aspects can be helpful to the soul in comprehending its true Self.

The enlightened entities have laid down the teaching of these six aspects for removing the sense of ego and attachment of the worldly soul that arises from its dreaming state, which has been prevailing since time without beginning. If the soul realizes that its true nature is beyond that state, it would easily gain awareness and obtain right faith. By gaining right faith, it would attain liberation in the sense of realizing its true Self. The sense of exultation, grief or other interaction would not occur to it from any perishable, impure or such other impact. That awareness would lead it to experience, from close proximity, its own natural purity, perfection, imperishability and boundless joy.

It has been accustomed to identity itself with unnatural states. It would now gain a clear, visible, vivid, manifest experience of being completely distinct from such states. The interaction with the perishable or such other objects would not be viewed by it with the sense of desirability or undesirability. It would feel gratified with the knowledge and experience of its own true Self as being the abode of perfect greatness, free from any affliction of birth, old age, death, disease etc.

All the people, who are convinced of the soul, by the appropriate description of these six fundamentals by the supreme entities, have realized their true state. In the past, such people have gotten free from worries, disease, afflictions and all other interactions; presently such people do get free and the same will happen in the future.

Let our highly devoted obeisance be to the enlightened entities who have laid down the path to abide at ease within the true self that can forever end the affliction of birth, old age and death.

The true nature of the soul can arise by daily and continuous adoration of their innate compassion. Lotus like feet of such enlightened may always stay within our hearts.
It is not possible to define the attributes of the enlightened, the adoption of whose instructions easily leads to the manifestation of true Self as evidenced by these six fundamentals. By such manifestation, the soul gains fearlessness that arises from the attainment of everlasting bliss.

By their innate compassion, the enlightened entities have conferred the supreme disposition without desiring any thing whatsoever and yet have never conceived that so and so is my pupil or is mine because he is my devotee. Repeated obeisance with intense devotion is to such enlightened entities.

Such entities have laid down devotion for the true Guide solely for the benefit of Pupils. They have prescribed devotion so that the tendency of pupils may stay towards the state of the Guide’s soul, self-indulgence may come to an end by witnessing their unprecedented attributes and the true Self may be easily visualized. Our all time obeisance will be to that devotion and to those enlightened entities.

Omniscience has of course not been presently manifested. It has, however, been clearly known as a potentiality from the words of the enlightened entities. Omniscience exists as a matter of faith, as a state to be contemplated and a state to be aspired; and from the absolute point of view, it is prevalent within. Repeated obeisance with supreme devotion is to the benevolence of the enlightened entity, by whose grace this soul easily got worthy of attaining omniscience that manifests the unobstructed bliss.

article courtesy: Jain Philosophy & Practice


  1. I need help understanding karma:

    As I understand not only physical action but our thoughts create vibration and forms bondage to our soul. And in due course these karmas ripe and we bare the result of these karmas. Whether good or bad.

    How do I distinguish between wish and thoughts: which one will be karma? And which one produces what actions or results?

    1) I wish I marry this beautiful girl – she is very hot and I dream about her all the time.
    2) I hope she dies – I hate her. She is bad person. I hope she suffers a lot.

    Clearly second one is bad karma. I am hoping and mentally I already killed her. So it will produce bad karma and I will bare the bad result of that in this life or next.
    Is that correct?

    Now, what about the first one? Does it produce any karma? If so I will get that girl in my this life or next?

    I am really confused about this.

    a) Do you know any one who can guide me by letter or phone conversation or by e-mail?
    b) I have hard time controlling bad thoughts and anger as a householder.
    c) I try to minimize as much as possible – but can’t control.

    So what should I do?


  2. Your thoughts and desire both are responsible for further accumulation of Karma, and if you use them in the right direction then both can be the cause for liberation. People always wish to gain mundane pleasures and thus they are bound with the mundane world (three-fold universe). If you replace your desire with the desire of liberation and you replace your thoughts with the thoughts of compassion etc then you can reduce your transmigration of soul and attain salvation. Our actions by mind, speech and body are the cause of bondage. They are like boomerang which returns to us. The nature of nature is something like that it gives you whatever you want. If you want anger then it gives you anger, just like the monk Chand Kaushik who became a snake because of his angry nature.

    If you like some girl and desire to marry her but somehow you can’t get her in the same birth then the nature will fulfill your wish in any birth. But it is not clear in which form of body you will get her. For example, there was a person in Lord Mahavir’s time who loved his wife so much and he desired to remain with his wife in every incarnations. He refused the offer of Indrabhuti Gautam of becoming a monk. When he was coming out of his home his head crashed with the door frame and he died on the spot. After death, he immediately took birth in his wife’s hair as a louse.

    If you hate someone and desire to kill that person then you will kill that person. If you are not able or not capable to kill him, but because of that desire you will kill him in any birth. There is a story of monk Agnisharma and prince Gunasen. Agnisharma was a monk and was performing one month long fasts. He was offered to break his fast at Prince Gunasen’s palace but due to some problem Gunasen didn’t took care of him and Monk Agnisharma went back to jungles without breaking his fast and he started another month long fast. When Gunasen realized this he felt unhappy and went back to the monk and again offered him to come to his palace after one month. Again due to war he couldn’t take care of the monk and the monk again returned back without breaking his fast. The monk forgave Prince Gunasen but the same thing repeated for two times again then Monk Agnisharma lost his mind and decided that if his penance was right then he wants to kill Prince Gunasen in every birth. Thus he died in the state of rage and he killed the being of Prince Gunasen in many births. So it’s better to control our mind, body and speech to overcome attachment and aversion.

  3. 1) What is three fold universe? Please explain in detail.
    2) In real world (practical life) how can you avoid having any desire or thoughts related to any one’s daily life, emotions, job, family, competition etc. Unless some one takes diksa or live in isolated world. This is not an excuse to have desire or thoughts for mundane world – but we still have to work at job, have daily life etc. You can do your best – but still desire, lust etc going to cross your mind.
    3) So say for 40 years some one lived in anger, deceit, lust full of life and now he or she start to change little by little – is that worth it? Because of 40 years of bad karma and thoughts that person will definitely either going to hell or suffer a lot in next births. Or you think that little good will override the past bad acts (karma)?

  4. The Universe consists of 1. Upper World (heavens), 2. Middle World (innumerable galaxies or dweeps) & 3. Lower World (Seven Hells), so it’s three-fold Universe. The Universe is not just what astro-physicists predict. The Jain model of the Universe is even bigger, out of reach of any telescope of this world.

    You cannot get rid of bad thoughts and desires for mundane things in just few days. It takes life-time or few births to reach the level, free of bad thoughts, lust etc. You can start external austerities at your own comfort. You live a normal life but you can take time to learn Jain Philosophy and start austerities, meditation etc. You can gradually overcome your bad thoughts and mundane desires. Keep in mind that even Lord Mahavir had to practice for 12 and half years. Lord Rishabha practiced for 1000 years!!! There is also a beautiful story. Once, Lord Buddha asked his disciple to bring some water for him from the nearby lake. His disciple went and saw that the water was muddy so he went back to Buddha and said that the water is not usable. After sometime the Buddha asked him again and again the disciple came back without bringing water because it was still muddy. After some time hi went again but this time it was clean because the mud had subsided in the ground level. Now his disciple brought pure water. Then the Buddha said, “You waited for almost an hour to get pure water for me, same way to overcome bad thoughts and lust one has to wait”.

    It is not important in which age you start practice but most important is with how much intensity, faith and desire for liberation you start your practice. If we look back to history there are some stories of persons like Arjunmali, Dradhprahari etc who used to be killers but in their later life they accepted the path of non-violence and did deep repentance for their sins and eventually they attained liberation.

  5. Can you please provide your thoughts on this:

    Soul can be librated – we must shade all karmas good and bad and when soul becomes pure we get librated.

    In this following situation who is accumulating less karma:

    1) A man who drinks alcohol and get intoxicated by drugs also. Just sleep whole day – no thoughts in his mind because he can’t think due to intoxication. He does not have bad or good thoughts. Just sleeps whole day and do this for months and months.
    2) A man with regular life and family. Gets angry on family due to one reason or other or due to the stress of modern life. Act deceitful (political) to preserve his job. Lies to other for money etc. Engage him in other activities which accumulate bad karma. Also, goes to temple and do some good work. This accumulates good karma.

    So which situation is better? Do you think the first one? Even though he consumes alcohol but does not bother any one and there are no activities in his brain – good or bad.

  6. Both situations aren’t leading the soul to liberation. The first one you have described is worst. Liberation can be achieved by awareness. You will need not outer awareness but you will need inner awareness. When you are unaware from the outer world and you are aware with your inner world. That state can be achieved by Kayotsarg, or “abandonment of body”.

    During sleeping you are unaware, unconscious then how would you realize your real self? And also by taking alcohol and drugs you are eventually going to die and after that dying in that state of mind will give the person a life in animal kingdom or hell. Self-realization through meditation with full awareness is the only way to destroy bad and good karma. That stage can only be achieved after renouncing everything and becoming a monk.

  7. Thanks for the reply.

    1) Self-realization through meditation with full awareness is the only way to destroy bad and good karma. That stage can only be achieved after renouncing everything and becoming a monk. I think householder can achieve too – Shrimadji may be an example. But I think it is very difficult.

    Do you have anything on what are the previous lives of Shrimad Rajchandra? I am unsuccessfully trying to find on web. Like Mahavirji’s 24 or 26 lives - what are the previous lives of Shrimadji?

    Did any one on this blog have any opinion on Ashram in Sayla in Shauratra?

  8. Unfortunately I have not detail about Srimad Rajchandraji's previous lives. In one of the book about shrimadji i have read that he was in Nepal in his previous life. And also he had heard and met Lord Mahavir in one of his previous lives.